Ancient Vulgar Sculptures or Erotic Figurine Masterpieces? : Unraveling the Artistic Legacy


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Most ancient sites in India have been adorned with magnificent carvings and sculptures for thousands of years, particularly those featuring finely modelled images of people. Although these eternal sexual figure works of ingenuity have been recognised as art for millennia, they are causing controversy as a wave of religiosity permeates contemporary India. As they are known today, ancient vulgar sculptures adorn numerous ancient temples around the nation, giving a glimpse of what society was like centuries ago. Biographers go to great lengths to clarify that it is artistry, not erotica, even if it depicts the nature of the human body, particularly the feminine body, in exquisite detail, as many erotic figurine masterpieces of art do. 

Khajuraho, Madhya Pradesh

Khajuraho is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Madhya Pradesh and is famous for its beautiful temples embellished with sexual and sensual sculptures. Khajuraho, a tiny village in the Bundelkhand area, is a magnificent example of mediaeval Indian architecture and culture. The construction of these Hindu and Jain temples displays exotic forms of passion, and the sculptures on the walls express desire in the most sensual but elegant manner. Created between 950 and 1050 AD, the sheer confrontational character of these sculptures displays a strong contradiction in the form of ancient vulgar sculptures with traditional Indian sexual values.

Sun Temple, Konark

The Sun Temple at Konark lies on the eastern coastlines of the Indian subcontinent. It is a remarkable example of temple architecture and art, as evidenced by its design, scale, and symmetry, as well as the magnificent narrative strength of its sculptural decoration. Ancient vulgar sculptures in  Konark represents the largest concentration of sexual sculptures in India, ranging from oral to group sex, potentially showing all 64 varieties of Ratikrida stated in Vatsayana’s Kama Sutra. The focus is so intense that Lowell Thomas, an American adventurer and broadcaster, called Konark the most beautiful and obscene structure in the world.

Virupaksha temple, Hampi

Another temple in India, Virupaksha, has some of the ancient vulgar sculptures. It is a 7th-century Hindu temple located near Hampi, 350 kilometres from Bangalore, in the southern Indian state of Karnataka. The temple is part of the Hampi Group of Monuments, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Virupaksha is a manifestation of Shiva who has additional temples devoted to him, most notably at the Pattadakal Group of Monuments, another World Heritage Site. This temple, like many other Hindu temples, celebrate sexuality and fertility via eroticism. It is viewed as a means that regenerates, recycles, and refreshes the circle of life in the Hindu way of life and religious beliefs. It is one of Hinduism’s four ideals for a healthy existence; the other three are Artha, Dharma, and Moksha.

Sun Temple, Modhera, Gujarat

Modhera is an excellent choice for a day away from the hustle and bustle of city life. The undisturbed tranquil countryside and the impressively welcome temple complex will transport you from the humdrum routines of daily life to the wonderful moments of the Golden Age. Every visitor is intrigued and sometimes perplexed by the erotica on the walls of the Sun Temple. The audacity and ethereal beauty of these ancient vulgar sculptures are both sensual and artistically rich and active. They are mainly found on the temple outside walls.

Markandeshwar Temple, Maharashtra

The Markandeshwar temple complex, near the Naxal area of Gadchiroli, beside the River Wainganga, features a shower of erotic art. A pair doing ‘fellatio’ will draw attention. Every year, devotees from all over the world flock to the annual Mahashivratri fair. The temple is claimed to be the work of devils because it was built in a single night, although the reality is unknown. This Shiva temple, popularly known as the “Khajuraho of Vidarbha,” is located on the banks of the Wainganga River. However, some of the ancient vulgar sculptures here like fellatio might make you frown. 

Padawali Temple, Madhya Pradesh

The Padawali temple ruins, hidden among the greenery along the Chambal River, maintain its history and religious beliefs. Inside, there are Shiva and Vishnu temples that have wilted over time. Nevertheless, the ancient vulgar sculptures that remain here can still be seen. The beautiful craftsmanship on the temple’s timbers and ceiling leaves the visitor spellbound with wonder and admiration. Scenes from ancient Indian epics such as the Ramayana, Mahabharata, and Puranas are also presented. There are sensual sculptures in various attitudes that precede the more well-known Khajuraho sculptures by several centuries.

Jagdish Temple, Udaipur

Jagdish temple is one of the Mewar dynasty’s architectural marvels. The Indo-Aryan architectural style has been on display in Jagdish Temple. The temple is created in accordance with the laws of Vastushastra, the Hindu architectural discipline. This three-story temple was constructed on an elevated platform and has finely carved pillars, vast spacious halls, and painted walls with brilliant colours and artistically ornamented ceilings. To commemorate Mahara Jagat Singh’s contributions to the shrine, he erected the inscription. Because it is a temple with exotic construction, you should pay attention to every nook and cranny of the temple. You may hire a tourist guide to learn more about the carvings on the pillars, the paintings on the temple walls, and the legends behind the 50 pillars.

Ranakpur Jain Temple, Rajasthan

The Ranakpur Temple in Pali, Rajasthan, is one of the country’s most famous Jain temples, devoted to Jain Tirthankara Rishabhanatha. This temple is an excellent illustration of how not just Hindus, but even Jains, were lured to some of the sacred locations that are more well-known for their sexual artistry. On the temple walls, you may witness experimental love-making scenarios and other ancient vulgar sculptures. All of these sensual sculptures from past ages attest to the people’s open-mindedness at the time. Back then, the country appeared to have a more positive perspective than it does now. A visit to these locations is a necessity if you want to discover how modern India used to be.

Bhoramdeo, Chattisgarh

The Bhoramdeo temple in Chattisgarh is dedicated to Lord Shiva. The Bhoramdeo temple was built during the reign of Ramchandra Deo of the Nagawanshi Dynasty. It is known as the Khajuraho of Chattisgarh because of the many sexual carvings on its walls. The outside wall has a total of 54 pornographic pictures reflecting some ancient vulgar sculpture kinds. Many of the artworks are considered to be related to tantric knowledge since the Nagawanshi monarchs practised tantric culture. Surprisingly, not all of the sculptures on the outside and interior walls are sexual. Only 10% of the sculptures display sensuality. 

Tripurantaka Temple, Karnataka

Tripurantaka temple is an old temple located to the northeast of the town of Balligave. It was constructed in the 11th century AD by the Chalukyas. Tripurantaka, a form of Lord Shiva, is the temple’s principal deity.  There are also sensual sculptures on the friezes of the temple’s external wall. This temple is best visited during Shivaratri, a Hindu festival. Unlike the rest of the world, where sexuality is considered in opposition to religious morals, the country of Kama sutra weaves both together to create magnificent works of art.

Lingaraj Temple, Bhubaneswar, Orissa

The Lingaraja Temple in Odisha is one of the oldest temples in Bhubaneswar and one of India’s most popular temples. The Lingaraja Temple is devoted to Lord Shiva and is one of India’s most famous temples for its ancient vulgar sculptures. The Kalinga dynasty erected this temple, which is dedicated to Lord Shiva. In this gallery, you will find sculptures inspired by Kamasutra, Vatsyayana Mallanaga’s world-renowned book on the art of living and other pleasure-oriented capabilities of human life.


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